Although many sites in the United States could meet the DOE’s established criteria, I will consider only Yucca Mountain because the DOE is considering only Yucca Mountain [Taube, 1995]. The proposed review will discuss the physical principles behind the monitoring of three common precursors and evaluate how accurate each monitoring is in predicting earthquakes. I believe that these courses and my hands-on experience will aid me in assimilating the proposed literature review. The proposed research project culminates in a formal report that will be completed by December 6, 1995. , Earthquakes and Earth Structure (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1964). 5 hours later, a magnitude 7. In addition to monitoring geophysical precursors, there are other strategies for predicting earthquakes-in particular, analyzing statistical data on prior earthquakes.

I believe that these courses and my hands-on experience will aid me in assimilating the proposed literature review. Many buildings collapsed, while others were severely damaged. , Earthquakes and Geological Discovery (New York: Scientific American Library, 1993). Also, if you are taking a technical writing course, make sure you understand the proposal assignment—not to write just any proposal but one that, at least in part, proposes to write something. 3 earthquake shook the city of Haicheng. Conclusion More than 30,000 metric tons of nuclear waste have arisen from U.

The second goal of my research is to show what happens to each of these precursors during the five stages of an earthquake. I have gathered five books and several articles on the subject. Will the natural setting contain the waste. Remember that your professor will review the report proposal and he will provide useful feedback on anticipated research dilemmas. I estimate that I can do these tasks for under .

Safety includes not only the effect of the repository on people near the site, but also people along the transportation routes to the site. Since I already possess literature on the subject of Yucca Mountain as a nuclear waste site, most of my time will be spent sorting through the literature to find key results, and presenting those results to the audience. Should I require additional sources other than the ones I have, I will search for them in the library system at the University of Wisconsin. The purpose of this chapter is to show you how to write a formal report and how to put together the kind of proposal that often precedes it. The fourth stage is the actual rupture of the fault and the release of seismic waves. Environmental Protection Agency, 1997).

, Earthquakes and Geological Discovery (New York: Scientific American Library, 1993). Many buildings collapsed, while others were severely damaged. Safety includes not only the effect of the repository on people near the site, but also people along the transportation routes to the site. , Earthquakes and Geological Discovery (New York: Scientific American Library, 1993). The second goal of my research is to show what happens to each of these precursors during the five stages of an earthquake.

The ground appeared to be thrown into waves that twisted railways and broke the pavement into great cracks. For example, will the rock structure be able to withstand human invasion in the future [Clark, 1997]. I have taken several classes related to nuclear waste, economics, and environmental studies. , Earthquakes and Geological Discovery (New York: Scientific American Library, 1993). Because I already possess several books and articles on earthquake prediction, most of my time will be spent sifting through the information, finding the key results, and presenting those results to the audience. Conclusion More than 30,000 metric tons of nuclear waste have arisen from U.

In my review, I will discuss three common geophysical precursors: ground uplift and tilt, increases in radon emissions, and changes in the electrical resistivity of rocks. In my undergraduate courses I have taken rock mechanics, soil mechanics, geophysics, and stratigraphy, all of which have included the principles of seismology and stress-strain relationships. My proposed literature review will provide this group with an unbiased discussion of three methods for earthquake prediction. In my research I will consider both groups of people. The earthquake caused fires in fifty or more points throughout the city. The purpose of this chapter is to show you how to write a formal report and how to put together the kind of proposal that often precedes it. Because the primary readers for my proposed literature review are engineering students who are probably not familiar with the theories behind earthquakes, I will have to provide selected background information frommy sources. This discussion will not include many statistics on the predictions of earthquakes, because at present there just haven’t been enough successful predictions to validate these types of statistics.

Main thesis about proposal and report writing

, and Colleen Fitzpatrick, The Great Earthquake Experiment (Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1993). The proposed research will achieve the following goals: (1) explain the criteria necessary to make a suitable high level radioactive waste repository, and (2) determine if Yucca Mountain meets these criteria. Should I not be able to find that information, I will modify the scope of my research accordingly. A third primary goal of the literature review is to cover the accuracy of monitoring each precursor. When the disaster was over, 33,000 people were dead [Bolt, 1993]. The proposed research project culminates in a formal report that will be completed by December 6, 1995.

For further information about my qualifications, see the attached resume (not attached on this web site). However, they may not know the different methods of predicting earthquakes. If earthquakes could be predicted, people would be able to evacuate from buildings, bridges, and overpasses, where most deaths occur. These earthquakes struck without warning and with disastrous results. Other earthquakes have been predicted, but the predictions didn’t have enough precision for warnings to be issued. Back to Top

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This document proposes a literature review of whether Yucca Mountain is a suitable site for a nuclear waste repository. Included in this proposal are my methods for gathering information, a schedule for completing the review, and my qualifications. In my undergraduate courses I have taken rock mechanics, soil mechanics, geophysics, and stratigraphy, all of which have included the principles of seismology and stress-strain relationships. Other predictions have turned out to be false warnings. Two years later, an earthquake of magnitude 8 did strike Mexico City. The first goal of my research is to explain the physical principles behind monitoring geophysical precursors. However, they may not know the different methods of predicting earthquakes. In addition, there are dozens of books and articles available in the library. For example, an earthquake warning was issued in August 1976 near Hong Kong [Bolt, 1988]. For example, why does the electrical resistivity of rocks decrease before an oncoming earthquake. A secondary audience for the review would be non-technical readers who either live in earthquake-prone areas or are affected financially when earthquakes occur. The proposed review will discuss the physical principles behind the monitoring of three common precursors and evaluate how accurate each monitoring is in predicting earthquakes. People in the nuclear field with some knowledge of the waste problem facing the industry may be a secondary audience. If the people hadn’t been evacuated, the death toll could have exceeded 100,000. Schedule for completion of literature review.

What will happen if the waste containers corrode and do not last as long as predicted. Plan of Action This section presents my plan for obtaining the objectives discussed in the previous section. Some of these earthquakes kill hundreds of people. Because the primary readers for my proposed literature review are engineering students who are probably not familiar with the theories behind earthquakes, I will have to provide selected background information frommy sources. As a consequence of that strong interest, many books and journals have been written on earthquakes and earthquake prediction. A second goal of my literature review is to evaluate Yucca Mountain meets those criteria. For example, the Chinese predicted a pair of earthquakes of magnitude 6. To achieve this goal, I will rely on two of my most recent sources: The Great Earthquake Experiment [Mileti and Fitzpatrick, 1993] and Earthquakes and Geological Discovery [Bolt, 1993].

, and Colleen Fitzpatrick, The Great Earthquake Experiment (Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1993). Instead, I intend to evaluate the potential accuracy of monitoring each precursor based on the opinions of experts and preliminary data. Plan of Action This section presents my plan for obtaining the objectives discussed in the previous section. In addition, I have taken field courses on structural geology that have introduced me to subsurface behaviors. In addition, there are dozens of books and articles available in the library. In this stage, aftershocks occur. The only costs, which will be minor, are for copying articles, printing the review, and spiral binding the review. Even more disastrous was the Kwanto earthquake in Japan that devastated the cities of Yokohama and Tokyo on September 1, 1923 [Hodgson, 1993]. , “Blowup at Yucca Mountain,” Science, vol. Environmental Protection Agency, 1997). This discussion will not include many statistics on the predictions of earthquakes, because at present there just haven’t been enough successful predictions to validate these types of statistics. 9 that occurred 97 minutes apart in Yunnan on May 19, 1976 [Bolt, 1993]. I am a senior in the Geological Engineering Department at the University of Wisconsin at Madison. To achieve these two goals, I will rely on three books that give an overview to earthquake prediction: Earthquakes [Bolt, 1988], Earthquakes and Geological Discovery [Bolt, 1993], and Earthquakes and Earth Structure [Hodgson, 1964].

Additional information about proposal and report writing:

For further information about my qualifications, see the attached resume. If the times, magnitudes, and locations of these earthquakes could be accurately predicted, many lives could be saved. Back to Top

. Given that I can obtain all my sources for the literature review from the library, there is no appreciable cost associated with performing this literature review. For further information about my qualifications, see the attached resume (not attached on this web site).

In my undergraduate courses I have taken rock mechanics, soil mechanics, geophysics, and stratigraphy, all of which have included the principles of seismology and stress-strain relationships. Other predictions have turned out to be false warnings. However, they may not know the different methods of predicting earthquakes. For example, why does the electrical resistivity of rocks decrease before an oncoming earthquake. A secondary audience for the review would be non-technical readers who either live in earthquake-prone areas or are affected financially when earthquakes occur. Schedule for completion of literature review.

What will happen if the waste containers corrode and do not last as long as predicted. Plan of Action This section presents my plan for obtaining the objectives discussed in the previous section. Some of these earthquakes kill hundreds of people. Because the primary readers for my proposed literature review are engineering students who are probably not familiar with the theories behind earthquakes, I will have to provide selected background information frommy sources. A second goal of my literature review is to evaluate Yucca Mountain meets those criteria. For example, the Chinese predicted a pair of earthquakes of magnitude 6. To achieve this goal, I will rely on two of my most recent sources: The Great Earthquake Experiment [Mileti and Fitzpatrick, 1993] and Earthquakes and Geological Discovery [Bolt, 1993].

, and Colleen Fitzpatrick, The Great Earthquake Experiment (Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1993). Plan of Action This section presents my plan for obtaining the objectives discussed in the previous section. Even more disastrous was the Kwanto earthquake in Japan that devastated the cities of Yokohama and Tokyo on September 1, 1923 [Hodgson, 1993]. , “Blowup at Yucca Mountain,” Science, vol. This discussion will not include many statistics on the predictions of earthquakes, because at present there just haven’t been enough successful predictions to validate these types of statistics. 9 that occurred 97 minutes apart in Yunnan on May 19, 1976 [Bolt, 1993].

Or, what does a sudden increase in radon emissions reveal about the future likelihood of a massive earthquake. Because I already possess several books and articles on earthquake prediction, most of my time will be spent sifting through the information, finding the key results, and presenting those results to the audience. In addition, I have taken field courses on structural geology that have introduced me to subsurface behaviors. Given that I can obtain all my sources for the literature review from the library, there is no appreciable cost associated with performing this literature review. For further information about my qualifications, see the attached resume (not attached on this web site). To achieve these two goals, I will rely on three books that give an overview to earthquake prediction: Earthquakes [Bolt, 1988], Earthquakes and Geological Discovery [Bolt, 1993], and Earthquakes and Earth Structure [Hodgson, 1964].

According to the Department of Energy (DOE), a repository for high-level radioactive waste must meet several criteria including safety, location, and economics [Roush, 1995]

The second goal of my research is to show what happens to each of these precursors during the five stages of an earthquake. My proposed literature review will provide this group with an unbiased discussion of three methods for earthquake prediction. I estimate that I can do these tasks for under . Despite these successes, the Chinese failed to predict the earthquake that struck the city of Tangshan on July 27, 1976; this earthquake killed 250,000 people and injured 500,000 more [Bolt, 1988]. The two triangles represent milestones for the project, the first being the formal presentation on November 11, 1996, and the second being the formal report on December 6, 1996. The only costs, which will be minor, are for copying articles, printing the review, and spiral binding the review. References Clark, Raymond L. In addition, I have taken field courses on structural geology that have introduced me to subsurface behaviors. In the scenario you define, there may be other work such as conducting training seminars or providing an ongoing service. This discussion will not include many statistics on the predictions of earthquakes, because at present there just haven’t been enough successful predictions to validate these types of statistics. The fourth stage is the actual rupture of the fault and the release of seismic waves. However, they may not know the different methods of predicting earthquakes.

Because the prediction was not more precise, no warning was issued and the earthquake took the population of Mexico City by surprise. This discussion will not include many statistics on the predictions of earthquakes, because at present there just haven’t been enough successful predictions to validate these types of statistics. I estimate that I can do these tasks for under . According to the Department of Energy (DOE), a repository for high-level radioactive waste must meet several criteria including safety, location, and economics [Roush, 1995]. This discussion will not include many statistics on the predictions of earthquakes, because at present there just haven’t been enough successful predictions to validate these types of statistics.

For further information about my qualifications, see the attached resume. For instance, the ground uplift and tilt increases during the second stage as the volume of rock increases. Since I already possess literature on the subject of Yucca Mountain as a nuclear waste site, most of my time will be spent sorting through the literature to find key results, and presenting those results to the audience. Earthquakes occur in five stages as there is a build up of elastic strain within faults in the earth, followed by the development of cracks in the rocks, then the influx of water into those cracks. My proposed literature review will provide this group with an unbiased discussion of three methods for earthquake prediction. The first goal of my research is to explain the physical principles behind monitoring geophysical precursors.

If the times, magnitudes, and locations of these earthquakes could be accurately predicted, many lives could be saved. Conclusion More than 30,000 metric tons of nuclear waste have arisen from U. In my undergraduate courses I have taken rock mechanics, soil mechanics, geophysics, and stratigraphy, all of which have included the principles of seismology and stress-strain relationships. This research culminates in a formal report, which will be completed by December 5, 1997. , and Colleen Fitzpatrick, The Great Earthquake Experiment (Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1993). The two triangles represent milestones for the project, the first being the formal presentation on November 11, 1996, and the second being the formal report on December 6, 1996. This discussion, drawing much from overview chapters in Earthquakes, Animals and Man [Deshpande, 1987] and California Quake [Meyer, 1977], will put into perspective how accurate, or inaccurate, the named methods are and what hurdles face engineers who try to predict earthquakes.

, “Can Nuclear Waste Keep Yucca Mountain Dry-and Safe. To reach this goal, I will follow the schedule presented in Figure 1. For example, why does the electrical resistivity of rocks decrease before an oncoming earthquake. Should I require additional sources other than the ones I have, I will search for them in the library system at the University of Wisconsin. My intent is to inform these students of three methods of predicting earthquakes. , Earthquakes and Earth Structure (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1964).

Justification of Proposed Review On the morning of April 18, 1906, the population of San Francisco was awakened by violent shaking and by the roar caused by the writhing and collapsing of buildings [Hodgson, 1964]

In addition, I have taken field courses on structural geology that have introduced me to subsurface behaviors. Environmental Protection Agency, 1997). In this assessment, I will not assign a numerical score for each criterion. What will happen if the waste containers corrode and do not last as long as predicted. As a result, the fires quickly spread throughout the city and continued for three days. In addition, I have taken field courses on structural geology that have introduced me to subsurface behaviors.